Christianity originated with Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish prophet and teacher who probably came to believe he was the Son of God and certainly was regarded as such by his disciples.
Christianity also answered cultural and spiritual needs - especially but not exclusively among the poor - left untended by mainstream Roman religion and culture. Initially, Christian converts were Jewish by birth and followed the basic Jewish law.
It is not easy, as a result, to fit Christianity neatly into the patterns of Roman history: Christianity, though far more than a mystery religion, had some of these qualities and won converts on this basis as well.
Political stability and communications over a wide area aided missionary efforts, while the Roman example helped inspire the government forms of the growing Christian church.
Christians, who put their duties to God first, would not honor the emperor as a divinity and might seem to reject the authority of the state in other spheres. Many disciples believed that a Final Judgment day was near at hand, on which God The history of christianity essay reward the righteous with immortality and condemn sinners to everlasting hell.
This belief helped the religion spread farther among Jewish communities in the Middle East, both within the Roman Empire and beyond.
They began to develop a body of Christian writings beyond the Bible messages written by the disciples of Jesus. Persecution was not constant, however, which helps explain why the religion continued to spread.
He urged a moral code based on love, charity, and humility, and he asked the faithful to follow his lessons, abandoning worldly concern. Rather, in the spirit of Rome and of Hellenism, the new faith was seen as universal, open to all whether or not they followed Jewish practices The history of christianity essay diet, male circumcision, and so on.
As the empire consolidated, reducing direct political participation, a number of mystery religions spread from the Middle East and Egypt, religions that offered emotionally charged rituals. Christianity, in sum, gained ground in part because of features of Roman political and cultural life.
Roman values had stressed political goals and ethics suitable for life in this world. Much of the impetus for this new religion rested in issues in the Jewish religion, including a long-standing belief in the coming of a Messiah and rigidities that had developed in the Jewish priesthood.
It was deliberately separate, and only gradually had wider impact. These helped persuade the Roman governor, already concerned about unrest among the Jews, that Jesus was a dangerous agitator. Bishops in politically powerful cities, including Rome, gained particular authority.
They did not join peoples of the empire in more spiritual loyalties, and they did not offer many emotionally satisfying rituals.
As they realized that the Messiah was not immediately returning to earth to set up the Kingdom of God, the disciples of Jesus began to fan out, particularly around the eastern Mediterranean, to spread the new Christian message.
In this effort, Christianity redirected Roman culture never known for abundant religious subtlety but also preserved many earlier literary and philosophical achievements. Worship of gods such as Mithra or Isis, derived from earlier Mesopotamian or Egyptian beliefs, attracted some Roman soldiers and others with rites of sacrifice and a strong sense of religious community.
His fo lowers believed that he was resurrected on the third day after his death, a proof that he was the Son of God. When one early convert, Stephen, was stoned to death, many disciples left Israel and traveled throughout western Asia.
As it spread, Christianity connected increasingly with larger themes in Roman history. Christianity had more to do with opening a new era in the history of the Mediterranean region than with shaping the later Roman Empire. It resumed only in the 4th century, when several emperors sought to use religious conformity and new claims to divinity as a way of cementing loyalties to a declining state.
He also roused suspicion among the upper classes and the leaders of the Jewish religion. Jesus was put to death as a result, crucified like a common criminal, about A. Paul was Jewish, but he had been born in a Greek city and was familiar with Greco-Roman culture. With its particularly great appeal to some of the poor, Christianity was well positioned to reflect social grievances in an empire increasingly marked by inequality.
Roman principles also helped move what initially had been a religion among Jews to a genuinely cosmopolitan stance. Bishops headed churches in regional centers and supervised the activities of other churches in the area.
Paul essentially created Christian theology, as a set of intellectual principles that followed from, but generalized, the message of Jesus. Jesus won many followers among the poor. By the 4th century A. It had little at first to do with Roman culture.
Jesus preached in Israel during the time of Augustus, urging a purification of the Jewish religion that would free Israel and establish the kingdom of God on earth. Slaves, dispossessed farmers and impoverished city dwellers found hope in a religion that promised rewards after death.
Christianity arose in a remote province and appealed particularly to the poorer classes. Several early emperors, including the mad Nero, persecuted Christians, killing some and driving their worship underground.
Ironically, as the Roman Empire was in most respects declining, Christianity produced an outpouring of complex thought and often elegant use of language.The Rise of Christianity: Discuss the rise of Christianity.
Why was this new religion successful in spreading throughout the Roman Empire? Religion was a factor that played an important role in the Roman society.
We take customer information security, we do not share any of our customer information with any third parties at all times. In addition, our website is secured using SSL encryption which is up-to-date. Christianity Essay The religion my group is covering is Christianity. Christianity is one of the biggest and widest spread religions in the world.
It. If the time is taken to look back at Christianity's history it is easily seen that Christianity has worked hand in hand with science to help promote its growth, not its stifle.
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Get started now! A History Christianity. Edited By: Robert A. Guisepi. The Origins Of Christianity. In the initial decades of the Roman Empire, at the eastern end of the. Mediterranean, a new religion, Christianity, emerged. Much of the impetus for this new religion rested in issues in the Jewish religion, including a.Download