The defense of socrates in apology a book by plato

Doubtless some good thing, O men of Athens, if he has his reward; and the good should be of a kind suitable to him. This is the reason why Meletus, Anytus, and others have charged him with crimes and are bringing him to trial.

A proposal of this kind would enable him to escape the death sentence and at the same time provide some justification for the verdict they had rendered. He was quite willing to accept responsibility for it.

As long as you care for earthly possessions and expect death to be bad, you will never have the courage to do the right things even in the face of death.

Now is that a truth which your superior wisdom has recognized thus early in life, and am I, at my age, in such darkness and ignorance as not to know that if a man with whom I have to live is corrupted by me, I am very likely to be harmed by him, and yet I corrupt him, and intentionally, too; - that is what you are saying, and of that you will never persuade me or any other human being.

In point of fact, Socrates indicates relatives of the Athenian youth he supposedly corrupted are present in court, giving The defense of socrates in apology a book by plato moral support.

What would not a man give, O judges, to be able to examine the leader of the great Trojan expedition; or Odysseus or Sisyphus, or numberless others, men and women too! If that had been the case, they would now be among his accusers.

Socrates recognizes several of them in the audience before him. And I may say that I have escaped Meletus.

Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo

Therefore, the philosopher Socrates of Athens asks his fellow citizens: I might mention a great many others, any of whom Meletus should have produced as witnesses in the course of his speech; and let him still produce them, if he has forgotten - I will make way for him.

Actually, Socrates, while not accepting many of the popular conceptions of religion, was a deeply religious person.

Socrates replies to this suggestion by saying that it would be disobedience to a divine command for him to hold his tongue. In the Apology of Socrates, Plato cites no numbers of votes condemning or acquitting the philosopher of the accusations of moral corruption and impiety; [11] although Socrates did say he would have been acquitted if thirty more jurors had voted in his favour.

The number of votes condemning Socrates must have been or less. This is a very important comparison and worth dissecting a bit: A drachma was a silver coin worth about a quarter.

For I have had many accusers, who accused me of old, and their false charges have continued during many years; and I am more afraid of them than of Anytus and his associates, who are dangerous, too, in their own way.

Socrates had accepted it as good fun and even appeared to be amused by it. I am glad that I have extracted that answer, by the assistance of the court; nevertheless you swear in the indictment that I teach and believe in divine or spiritual agencies new or old, no matter for that ; at any rate, I believe in spiritual agencies, as you say and swear in the affidavit; but if I believe in divine beings, I must believe in spirits or demigods; - is not that true?

Any misconduct on their part could not be attributed to Socrates. I am old and move slowly, and the slower runner has overtaken me, and my accusers are keen and quick, and the faster runner, who is unrighteousness, has overtaken them.

And if anyone says that he has ever learned or heard anything from me in private which all the world has not heard, I should like you to know that he is speaking an untruth. However I would have much attachment to life, if I am so irrational as not to be able to reason that while you my fellow citizens who could not bear my pursuits and arguments, but they were too heavy and envy-arousing for you, so that now you are seeking to be relieved from them; but then would others bear the same easily?

And I abide by the penalty, even as they do. He feels that conduct of that kind is discreditable both to himself and to the state.

It had been suggested that Socrates might escape the death penalty if he would cease carrying on the type of conversations that had aroused so much suspicion and controversy with reference to his activities. When I heard the answer, I said to myself, What can the god mean? But either I do not corrupt them, or I corrupt them unintentionally, so that on either view of the case you lie.

The only office of state which I ever held, O men of Athens, was that of senator; the tribe Antiochis, which is my tribe, had the presidency at the trial of the generals who had not taken up the bodies of the slain after the battle of Arginusae; and you proposed to try them all together, which was illegal, as you all thought afterwards; but at the time I was the only one of the Prytanes who was opposed to the illegality, and I gave my vote against you; and when the orators threatened to impeach and arrest me, and have me taken away, and you called and shouted, I made up my mind that I would run the risk, having law and justice with me, rather than take part in your injustice because I feared imprisonment and death.

Because the people making these charges are numerous and energetic and have persuasive tongues, they have filled the ears of many with their loud and inveterate calumnies. For I am now at the place in which people often prophesy, when about to die.

Therefore, to disobey this command in order to save his own life would be a disgraceful thing to do. And yet what I say is true, although a thing of which it is hard for me to persuade you.

I expected it, and am only surprised that the votes are so nearly equal; for I had thought that the majority against me would have been far larger; but now, had thirty votes gone over to the other side, I should have been acquitted.

Observe, Meletus, that you are silent, and have nothing to say.Plato was a witness at the trial, though his account may have been written some time later by memory.

This has been published in the WISDOM BIBLE as a book. For ordering information, please click here. To listen to Plato's Defense of Socrates Part 1 of 3, click on the play button below.

The Apology is believed to be the most authentic account that has been preserved of Socrates' defense of himself as it was presented before the Athenian Council. It is in essential harmony with the references to the trial that occur in Plato's other dialogs and also with the account given in Xenophon's Memorabilia.

This book offers a controversial interpretation of Plato's Apology of Socrates. By paying unusually close attention to what Socrates indicates about the meaning and extent of his irony, David Leibowitz arrives at unconventional conclusions about Socrates' teaching on virtue, politics, and the gods; the significance of his famous turn from natural 5/5(1).

The jury finds Socrates guilty. Socrates' Proposal for his Sentence There are many reasons why I am not grieved, O men of Athens, at the vote of condemnation. Plato’s Apology of Socrates How you, men of Athens, have been affected by my accusers, I do 17a if you hear me speaking in my defense 2 with the same speeches I am accustomed to speak both in the marketplace at Plato's Apology.

The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in BC against the charges of ‘corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel’.

“The Apology” here has its earlier meaning (now.

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The defense of socrates in apology a book by plato
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