Disharmony and an attempt on his life forced Benedict to return to the cave. Benedict was born at Nursia ina small town near Spoleto, in Italy. He was his only one of the few connections and communications that Benedict had with the outside world.
The last seven chapters of the work appear to have been added sometime after Benedict had codified the prior sixty-six, and its prologue was most likely written last.
For Benedict, each rung of this ladder represents one aspect of the virtue of humility that the monk must embrace, from his initial fear of God to a vow of silence and a continual awareness of his sinful guilt. A work of somewhat less than 20, words composed over several decades, the Rule consists of seventy-three chapters and was originally codified in about So he not only left school but ran away from home and hid in the mountains near Subiaco, that were about forty miles from Rome.
After three years of living in seclusion, engaged in prayer and introspection broken only by brief contact with a monk named Romanus, he emerged from his cave and accepted the request of the local monks to become abbot of their monastery at Vicovaro.
Textual History Critics believe that Benedict drew on many sources for his Rule. The Rule itself is primarily concerned with the spiritual and material life of cenobites—monks who live together in the community of the monastery and observe strict obedience to their abbot.
It is said that he also brought Benedict food because he knew where Benedict was hiding and would lower food down into the cave for him. Critical Reception Because critics have observed that Benedict borrowed liberally from the Regula magistri and various other sources in composing his Rule, the question of its originality has been a perennial theme of scholarly inquiry.
It is known for its emphasis on compassion and spiritual counsel, and for its relative leniency in describing the requirements of monastic life—the precepts of the Rule notably contrast with those of the more austere Eastern monasticism and focus on sanctity, virtue, humility, and obedience rather than on material self-denial.
The balance of the Rule details the structure of life at the monastery, including a proper regimen of prayer, study, consumption, and manual labor, as well as correct behavior for monks and punishments for those who fail to meet these requirements. Benedict is believed to have died at Monte Cassino in about The names of his mother and father are not known but he had a twin sister named Scholastica, who is also a saint.
His name means blessed. His only visitors that came to his cave during his three years was a monk named Romanus that he met on his way up to the cave. As for political organization, the Rule invests supreme authority over the monastery in the abbot, who is in turn accountable only to the word of God and to the Rule itself.
Benedict of Nursia c. Finding his life in the Simbrunian hills unsatisfactory, Benedict retreated to a cave some forty miles east of Rome at Subiaco.Free Essay: Late in the fifth century the son of a well-off family in Italy left for isolation on his mission to truly seek god. This man was St.
Benedict. Most of what is known about Benedict's life comes from the second book of St. Gregory the Great's Dialogues, which he devoted entirely to Benedict. According to Gregory, Benedict was born at. View Essay - St. Benedict Essay from HIS at Seattle Pacific University.
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Benedict was born at Nursia ina small town near Spoleto, in Italy. His name means blessed. He was the son of a Roman noble and was very wealthy and had a privileged childhood.Download