Genetic engineering of animal species

Cloning endangered species, although useful as a last resort, may unwisely shift our efforts away from protecting the critical habitat necessary to sustain viable endangered species populations.

The process is much the same as that in knockout engineering, except that the construct is designed to increase the function of the gene, usually by providing extra copies of the gene or inducing synthesis of the protein more frequently. Genetic engineering is also being used to create microbial art.

Transgenic salmon, salmon that grow larger and at a faster rate than natural varieties, have already been created and farmed. Genetic engineering offers the potential to create a higher-yielding livestock. While there are many genetic scientists who have pure intentions to make the worst diseases today a thing of the past, it is also believed that there are others who would take the research too far.

Some bacteria can naturally take up foreign DNA. Patent protection effectively promotes genetic engineering research and helps to ensure its speedy development. To create animals that could be possibly used in the future for Xenotransplantation.

Superweeds GE crops can cross-pollinate related weed species, passing on their ability to survive the application of weed killers. While this is a useful technique, the manipulation can destroy the function of the gene, creating secondary effects and possibly calling into question the results of the experiment.

Pharming uses crops and animals as bioreactors to produce vaccines, drug intermediates, or the drugs themselves; the useful product is purified from the harvest and then used in the standard pharmaceutical production process.

Each strand of DNA is divided into small sections called genes. Biotechnology breakthroughs in whole animal cloning have led to many suggestions that such technology could be used to clone endangered species.

Although most Americans are largely in agreement that using genetic engineering in mosquitoes to prevent the spread of mosquito-borne illnesses is appropriate, views about other uses of genetic engineering of animals considered in the survey differ by gender, levels of science knowledge and religiosity.

These are sometimes performed in conjunction with knockout experiments to more finely establish the function of the desired gene. Scientists are creating "gene drives", changing the genomes of mosquitoes to make them immune to malaria, and then spreading the genetically altered mosquitoes throughout the mosquito population in the hopes of eliminating the disease.

GE proponents claim genetically engineered crops use fewer pesticides than non-GE crops, when in reality GE plants can require even more chemicals. Specific concerns over genetic engineering include: Regulation of genetic engineering The regulation of genetic engineering concerns the approaches taken by governments to assess and manage the risks associated with the development and release of GMOs.

The criteria for authorisation fall in four broad categories: More sophisticated techniques are now in development that can track protein products without mitigating their function, such as the addition of small sequences that will serve as binding motifs to monoclonal antibodies.

Genetic engineers must first choose what gene they wish to insert into the organism. These include a promoter and terminator region, which initiate and end transcription. Patents give scientists a monopoly over their genetically engineered animal species, something before unheard of in modern economic systems.

To save endangered species.

Most Americans Accept Genetic Engineering of Animals That Benefits Human Health

Another serious problem with this technology is the safety of making changes at the cellular level. Inscientists at the University of Illinois were conducting an experiment that involved inserting cow genes into female pigs in order to increase their milk production.

The frequency of gene targeting can be greatly enhanced through genome editing. Cons of Genetic Engineering In general, opponents of genetic engineering assert that such technology creates a huge diminution in the standing of animals, leaving them as nothing more than "test tubes with tails," only of benefit for the exploitive practices of factory farming, and drug and organ manufacturing.

Some of the animals created with these techniques include mice, rats, cows, oxen, sheep, goats, pigs, dogs, cats, and rabbits.

Pros and Cons

The presence of the gene does not guarantee it will be expressed at appropriate levels in the target tissue so methods that look for and measure the gene products RNA and protein are also used.As Americans consider the possible uses of genetic engineering in animals, their reactions are neither uniformly accepting nor resistant; instead, public reactions vary depending on the mechanism and intended purpose of the technology, particularly the extent to which it.

Genetic sequencing compounds the problem because we can now look into the genetic makeup of an animal and see how closely—or not—it’s related to a distant relative.

Genetic Engineering and Animals

Genetic Engineering. The MSPCA believes scientists’ ability to clone animals, to alter the genetic makeup of an animal, and to transfer pieces of genetic material from one species to another raises serious concerns for animals and humans alike.

Genetic Engineering. Genetic engineering (GE) is the modification of an organism's genetic composition by artificial means, often involving the transfer of specific traits, or genes, from one organism into a plant or animal of an entirely different species.

Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genes. Genetic engineering is different from traditional breeding, where the organism’s genes are manipulated indirectly. Thanks to this technology, scientists can precisely transfer beneficial genes from one animal species to another.

Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms.

Genetic engineering of animal species
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